Modelo de las Naciones Unidas de la Universidad de Oviedo

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Human Rights Council

The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system made up of 47 States responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe.

We should empathize with the Rohinya crowd, says Micaela Domínguez.

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Micaela Domínguez, specialist in Human Rights delighted us with a talk which help us to clarify whatever questions were unclear about the Rohinya situation. Right after we could talk to her about her consideration about this particular issue.

 

Q: What do you think about OVImun?

A: It’s a great idea joining all these young brilliant people to try to solve problems that matter to all the society.

 

Q: In your opinion what is the solution for this problem?

A: The solution of this problem is really complicated, because there are so many actors implicated in this issue. The main problem is that the real power is in hands of the military. So, the civil administration doesn’t have the strength and the power to solve this situation.

 

Q: Why is this taken as a minor issue?

A: It’s not taken as a minor issue, but the thing is that, until a few years ago there was a dictatorship in Myanmar, so it’s really difficult to work on that problem. It is true that we pay more attention and treat more importantly what is happening close to home, but this does not imply that we shouldn’t empathize with the atrocities that the Rohinya people are suffering.

DISPARITY OF VIEWS IN TERMS OF REFUGEES

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The 21st of March in the general meeting of the Principality of Asturias, at 12:00 the first assembly of HRC was held to discuss human rights.

Undoubtedly, the main topic of debate has been on the Rohinya, which has generated a large amount of controversy. This topic is about xenophobia against this minority that has been opressed by the military dictatorship in Burma. Due to this dictator, the members of this ethnicity have been forced to leave their country and predominantly head to Bangladesh, Myanmar, and other nearby regions. These refugees have not yet been recognized as political refugees and are living in miserable conditions.

With respect to this subject and the situation involving refugees, there are two clear opinions. On one side, Russia and Myanmar are against helping any of these refugees, while on the other side Morocco, France, Brazil, Iran, Nigeria and Rwanda support helping the Rohingya. France has rebuked the arguments of Myanmar and Russia, pointing to Article 15 of Human Rights that says nobody will arbitrarily be deprived of their nationality, or the right to change their nationality.  On many occasions, Morocco took part by claiming that immigrants that have immigrated to these countries have had the option to become citizens by removing the resident card that they had originally been given, leaving them helpless and without papers.
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On the contrary, Russia commented that the other countries do not have to get involved in the subject of citizenship, since it corresponds that that same country has the freedom to grant it or no.  

Right after, despite the great number of reproaches of various countries, Myanmar affirmed that their politics in respect to this conflict were no going to change and were no going to recognize the refugees as citizens of the country.

THE US HAS BEEN ATTACKED DURING THE SECOND SESSION OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

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The cooperation among some countries that form the HRC make USA to retract for its policies with regard to the climate change.

Today, on March 21st we have assisted to the second session of the HRC. At the beginning, the Presidency establishes the simple majority and the qualified majority and the order of the list of speakers.

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Morocco started talking about how climate change affects Human Rights all over the world while Russia, which was the second nation to take part, preferred to notice its ambitions indicating the programs that it carries out from 2009 and asked the United States to act consequently and to respect the Agreement of Paris. After interventions, France declared that they were working strongly to achieve their goals and India pointed out that this problems bring natural disasters which affect Human Rights. Afterwards, the United States of America repeated one idea that Donald Trump said on the presidential election campaign, he wants to protect their citizens and companies in cities like Detroit or Ohio and they search a renegotiation to improve their interests. Then, China declared that their citizens are affected by climate change and propose one plan: decrease gases, increase technology and renewables sources and try to avoid the child labor by leading companies in their country. Finally, Rwanda bring policies to decrease greenhouse gas emissions.

 

Afterwards, a moderate discussion began, 10 minutes and 1 per intervention for participants to mitigate the climate change. Russia had many interventions, they said that the US said the climate change is not real and they proposed to make some plans to stop climate change which most important thing must be water because it is present in all the forms of life. Nigeria asked for Russia, USA, India, China… Morocco to support Russia in the idea of making plans and emphasize measures made by Mohamed the VIth to be more eco-friendly. India introduced their idea of having plans based in the solar energy and China talked about its sustainable area that is the longest of the world. Then, some countries presented some motions which highlighted the Iran motion about the administration of water in the Middle-East and, during the discussion, Myanmar attacked Brazil and they were called to order.

 

After a small break, some nations decided to ask USA for some explanations about the new policies that Donald Trump is doing in the country. Later, after a few attempts of defense by the US, Iran presented a motion and during the discussion Myanmar disrespected Russia and the eastern country requested an apologize to the board by Myanmar.

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With no doubt, this HRC session was so exciting with many participation and with a lot of quality by the participants.

UPDATE REGARDING THE HUMAN RIGHTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

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According to Al-Jazeera, south Asia has been suffering from acid rain in the last two days, especially places such as New Delhi in India, Kathmandu in Nepal, Naypyidaw in Myanmar and Macao in China. According to a panel of experts sent by UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), this climate phenomenon was caused by the air emissions of Foxconn Apple, which is one of the most problematic factories of the company in China.

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¡Queda inaugurado el VII modelo de OVImun!

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Cuando cuentan 20 días del mes de marzo de 2018, con la compañía de la Sra. Vicerrectora de la Universidad de Oviedo, Dña. Elisa Miguélez; el Sr. Consejero de Presidencia, D. Guillermo Martínez; la Sra. vicepresidenta primera del Parlamento Asturiano, Dña. María José Miranda; la Sra Directora General del modelo de Las Naciones Unidas de la Univiersidad de Oviedo, Dña. Carlota Fernández asistimos al acto de inauguración del séptimo modelo de OVImun en el paraninfo del Edificio Histórico de la Universidad de Oviedo.

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Un acto breve pero intenso en el que contamos con las palabras de ánimo por parte de las autoridades a seguir adelante con iniciativas como esta, palabras de aliento que sirven de combustible para todas las mentes inquietas que forman OVImun se sientan de verdad que son partícipes en los que serán quienes construyen un futuro mejor, que serán los líderes del mañana.

Con las palabras de la Directora General nos enorgullece empezar la que será una semana inolvidable.

Bienvenidos y bienvenidas.

“Aquí se juntan amigos, compañeros, conocidos y desconocidos para compartir una experiencia única. Y no estás en casa. Pero estás en familia.”

El “síndrome de Estocolmo” de la Presidenta de OVImun

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Se acercan las elecciones para la Junta Directiva de OVImun 2018 y, antes de decir adiós a su cargo, Cristina Chacón, actual presidenta de la Asociación, ha querido “despedirse” y dedicar unas palabras en forma de balance y aprendizaje de lo que ha sido un año lleno de trabajo y experiencias…

 

Kristin Ehnmark fue retenida seis días en el interior de un banco en Suecia tras un atraco con rehenes en el año 1973. El captor fue Jan Erik Olsson y con él creó un lazo patológico, que la llevo a resistirse a la idea de un posible rescate y a criticar duramente la gestión del asunto por parte de la policía. Paradójicamente decía sentirse segura.  Durante el proceso judicial, Ehnmark se mostró reticente a colaborar con la justicia y a declarar contra su captor. Poco después, el criminólogo sueco  Nils Bejerot acuñó el término “Síndrome de Estocolmo” para referirse a la reacción psicológica en la que la víctima de un secuestro o retención, desarrolla una relación de complicidad y un fuerte vinculo afectivo con su captor.

Casi un mes después de la finalización del VI Modelo de las Naciones Unidas de la Universidad de Oviedo, me resulta imposible explicar y describir la vorágine de sensaciones que han brotado en mí a raíz de la culminación de un año de, creedme, mucho trabajo. Alegría, tristeza, rabia, alivio, angustia, desahogo, melancolía, calma, pena, nostalgia. Salvando las distancias y por supuesto, sin ánimo de frivolizar ningún tipo de situación traumática, creo que la mejor forma de describir ese conjunto de sentimientos contradictorios es haciendo referencia al síndrome de Estocolmo.

A lo largo de estos meses, he tenido un objetivo en mente y me he levantado día tras día para perseguirlo.

He salido de mi zona de confort, lo he dejado todo a un lado  y me he sentido parte de algo. He contado con un equipo maravilloso sin el que hubiera sido imposible organizar un evento del calibre de OVImun. He tenido la suerte de conocer a personas increíbles antes, durante y después del Modelo. Me he encontrado sola en muchas ocasiones y en otras, he dudado de que tanto esfuerzo mereciera la pena. Pero también me he sentido arropada, respaldada y sobre todo, orgullosa.

Lo más importante es que puedo decir que aprendí cuatro lecciones valiosísimas.

  1. La primera, la certeza de que más esfuerzo no siempre implica mejores resultados, que siempre hay algo que escapa a tu control, que las cosas tienen la importancia que se les da y que nada ni nadie es ni será nunca perfecto.
  2. La segunda, que los méritos no son nada sin valores; que en ocasiones, la incompetencia se disfraza de altanería; que por mucho que se empeñen, no hay participantes (ni personas) de primera y de segunda; que la vida no va de pompa y boato; que a veces, cuando el rio suena agua lleva; y que uno más uno no siempre son dos.
  3. La tercera, que la actitud lo cambia absolutamente todo y que uno tiene que sentirse orgulloso de lo que hace cuando se entrega totalmente sin pedir nada a cambio y disfruta haciéndolo. Que poner el corazón en algo es un don innato y poco frecuente, que sirve para distinguir a las personas comprometidas y entusiastas de las que no lo son.
  4. Y la última, que “Bienaventurado aquel al que ladran los cretinos, porque su alma nunca les pertenecerá” y que si algo he hecho bien este año es rodearme de PERSONAS que son mejores que yo.

Muchas gracias a todos por todo, vosotros sabéis quienes sois.

Cristina Chacón Armador, presidenta de OVImun y Directora del VI Modelo de las NNUU de la Universidad de Oviedo.

 

Interview with Micaela Domínguez from Amnisty International and Ana Álvarez from APRAMP.

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Interview with Micaela Domínguez from Amnisty International and Ana Álvarez from Association for the Prevention, Reintegration and Care of Prostituted Women (APRAMP) and after the lecture they gave on Human Trafficking from both local and International sides on the 06th of April of 2017.

Press.:What do you think of Ovimun and how topics such as this are treated?

Micaela.: I think OVImun is a wonderful meeting because in it there are a lot of multiple nationalities taking part and for Amnisty is very important because we can release our point of view about our regulations of human rights of human rights

P: Another question that I have is it has been mentioned the fact that education is needed in the schools for young people, because they’re the future clients of this industry. However: what about the education for adults who are either actual clients or victims now and how are the policies regarding this issue of ignorance from adults?

M.D.: I think the bottom is the education, the education starting at the school, but our work, for example, is make investigation and release report people so that people can see the reality of this kind of people. The woman is a person has rights, has a feelings, she is like you. So, maybe if you think in her in this situation, maybe you think twice next time, no? I think the most important thing is education and reeducation.

P: Last one is a thing that came to my mind: do you think that online safety is an important matter to take into account regarding this issue? Because we live in a society where all our information is everywhere and people can contact you rather easily and finding and spotting people is quite easy a task. I am mentioning this specifically  thinking of the “lover boys” who find girls and trick them to get to traffic with them.

M.D.: It could be but not only, because if you look at the victims, normally, these kind of victims is marginal, no? Maybe don’t have enough possibilities to get in contact with the internet or whatever.

So, for this reason the position of the colleagues, friends, lovers etc. is fundamental in this kind of situation, but, of course, another part of the traffickingis by internet.

P: As a member of the Amnisty International I’m disscuss of this problem, human trafficking and prostitution, because in Spain we have got on the one hand a huge sector there agree to legalise prostitution, and the other hand, the other part now it’s have to a penalize it and other things.

My question is, as you mean that prostitution in those countries where it’s legal, such as Norway or Sweden, most of the sexual workers, constantly, and the consumers violent the human rights even they are protected, they have huge protection. For example, human in Spain there is a little hope, because it is not illegal but it it is not legal either. Consumers that they’re encourage the sexual turism and then, when they come back, they make fraud of law So, what can we do from Amnisty International to make aware that situation, because, we are very much protecting the victim, the sexual workers, but what about the consumers?

M.D.: As I told before the bottom is protecting the human rigths of the victims. We can see inside of Europe, a right for legalization or another state in legalization, but if you check the data, you can realise the consumerism of this product continues. So, we must fight to protect the human rights of the victims, and, of course, the european counselor has a recommendation for the members of the states to protect the  victims and the recommendation is, also, to look for abstractedly for this issue.

P: Yes but of those countries where the sexual workers are not poor women because in these countries they are doing that because “they want” and they have a huge protection. Why Amnisty International is not focusing maybe on the other part that is that people that goes to this collective.

M.D.: Education against is a Milestone of the organisation, for example in Norway, we reported cases with violation of human rights on prostitution, for this reason it is very hard to decide which system is better than the others. In this case the bottom is to protect the victims, this is why I think education is a milestone of this issue, education for children and young people, also reeducation for the people. These will be done if we put this issue on top of our agenda, also considering the resolution of the parliament and also the council of Europe, so you can see that it has a little bit of visibility, that’s why we must go on in these work.

***

Press: Ana, what do you think of Ovimun and how it helps to get better awareness of this topic?

A.A.: It’s very important because you have a very conscious group of students about this issue and also concerned about it so it is important that they know that the organisations like this whose aim is to work in this issue here and they know or work and that we support them in human rights and their importance. It is very important to raise awareness, and that they know that here we work every on the prostitution context.

P.: you’ve talked about education in schools but what about educating adults that are the actual client now? How can we help education in this matter?

A.A.: We must educate society, with the client the problem is that they don’t recognize them as clients and they don’t realise that what they are doing is wrong, because they are supported by this structure and the biological needs of men, domination, patriarchy. Even sometimes they think they are doing a favor to those women, because they need the money and money is being given to them, which is not like that, so it is difficult because they think they are doing the right thing. However for society when we do lectures like today or we go to theatres, schools or other celebrations in Asturias and outside. In those places there are people who are people: neighbors, citzen, relatives or friends. It’s not only young people but it is reaching everyone. They are people who now knows about it and they are going to spread the word.

The awareness that this issue exists here in Asturias, in Oviedo, Avilés, Gijón, etc. is very much necessary.

P.: What else appart from prostitution could you say about other kinds of traffic here in Asturias?

A.A.: Not many but there have been cases of trafficking in matters of agriculture and people who is taken from their home countries to be domestic workers as well. We support victims from every kind of human trafficking, even though we are specialists in sex traffic .It is not as big a problem as prostitution and we don’t work in it as deeply because there are not so many cases but we always offer a helping hand when they contact us or we hear about any of these activities taking place, we look further prostitution as a matter to worry about.

P.: Talking about education, not only the clients but also: do you educate the victim? Are they aware of their position as victims?

A.A.: The main problem is that sometimes they don’t see themselves as victims, they victimise themselves and think this is their fault. They did something wrong to their minds, they feel guilty and think it has happened to them and they are to blame.

P.: do you think this is related to the problem in spain that regards gender equality and gender violence?

A.D.: It is related because we live in this situation of domination and pathriarchy, there are also victims who are victims of the crime that is human trafficking and also victims of gender violence, that is why it is connected.

 

Alfonso Blanco Santos.

The delegates dream of the final resolution.

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The recommence of the council started without any new ideas. It was an astonishing situation that we were living during the Human Rights Council sessions.  The delegates have continued debating about the specific topic developed in the first journey “Religious teaching and symbols in schools” but instead the efforts of the chairs and some of the delegations the topic didn’t make remarkable progress today. After the official opening of chairs the first motions were on the floor.


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The delegate of U.K. proposed to discuss freedom of choice in schools, a motion accepted by the majority of presented delegations.


There were two differenced positions, it was the part of countries that asked to have concern of religious symbols in the name of the respectation of his fisic way of show their personal beliefs.
Confronting this countries, there was a meaningful number of delegations that advocated for protection and respect the freedom of choice in order to take care of the individual rights.

Two distant opinions that didn’t look like to be getting closer on these sessions. A worrying situation for the Human Nations.

 

The delegation of France defended the separation of church, state and education in order to defend the individual rights of citizens, as it is done in their country nowadays . A posture that didn’t seem to please many other countries present that carry in their DNA a strong religious identity.


Being realistic, it’s true that with the topic proposed in these sessions,  it’s  going to be very difficult for the countries to reach a common resolution.  The reason why? It seems to be clear, you can’t easily bring near the historical confronted countries, sitting in  the same room debating we have seen Islamics, Christians and Atheists beliefs which is a very delicate an difficult situation to have quorum.

After several unmoderate debates, breaks, room departures and nods we have been able to reach some last rounds of moderate debate ever protagoniced by the “interesting” points of parliamentary information and points of order requested by the delegates who seems much more interested in challenge the chairs than in solve the problems of rights debated in this sessions, having said that tomorrow more and better. We hope that  in the following sessions the delegates begin to approach their position in the same way they have being doing in the “pack social” as whe could see thanks of the gossips reading at the end of the journey.

Yaiza Calleja Bear.

Uno de los principales problemas es el desconocimiento y la ignorancia que reina en la mayoría de los países al respecto.

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El comité ONU mujeres tuvo el honor de recibir en su tribunal a la jurista especializada en tráfico humano, Ayah Tarawneh, con el fin de ofrecer a las delegaciones presentes una conferencia acerca del tráfico humano en el marco concreto de las mujeres.


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Ayah se encuentra en esta edición del modelo como representante de la delegación Tailandesa en el comité de derechos humanos, es juez especializada en la controvertida cuestión del tráfico humano en su país de origen, Jordania. El motivo por el cual decidió especializarse en esta controvertida materia fue la experiencia vivida en primera persona en la que una persona de su entorno estuvo cerca de ser víctima de la trata de personas.


El tráfico de personas, es un crimen que afecta a un gran número de mujeres, es por eso que su comparecencia en el comité de ONU mujeres, resultaba completamente necesaria.

Para abrir la conferencia Ayah realizó una breve introducción definitoria del tema en cuestión, haciendo especial énfasis en los puntos clave a tener en cuenta en la cuestión.

El tráfico humano, un crimen que lleva cometiéndose en diversos puntos de la comunidad internacional desde el año 1400, afecta actualmente a más de 21 millones de personas, de las cuales más del 50% son mujeres.

La figura del hombre no sólo como traficante, si no también como consumidor habitual de la prostitución, es uno de los principales promotores de esta industria cuyos ingresos a día de hoy ascienden a la friolera suma de 150 billones de dólares. En cuanto a la definición se citó el Protocolo de Palermo y la clasificación de los países involucrados como países de origen, tránsito y destino, siendo algunos pertenecientes a los tres grupos. En segundo lugar en esta conferencia se trató de definir de manera informal las situaciones en las que acontece este crimen, cómo las mujeres son engañadas y estafadas para que deseen una vida mejor y se crean unas expectativas de vida, economía y relaciones sentimentales que jamás se cumplen pues cuando huyen de su país por su propio pie resultan ser víctimas de la trata de blancas y se ven forzadas a prostituirse, siendo victimizadas repetidamente y consecuentemente siendo violados tanto sus derechos humanos como sus cuerpos.

Según la experta uno de los principales problemas es el desconocimiento y la ignorancia que reina en la mayoría de los países al respecto, además de la minusvaloración de las víctimas como tal, que en algunos casos resultan siendo tratadas como criminales por el mero hecho de aceptar su condición, lo cual ocurre por motivos como fraude, porque no se les permite volver a su país porque no han pagado la deuda que sus traficantes les imponen por el viaje que han realizado y les convencen de que han de pagar por ese traslado; o porque no se atreven a escapar con tal de no volver a su país por la vergüenza que supone reconocer el estilo de vida que han estado llevando durante su desaparición del mismo.

En cuanto a la organización internacional se reconoce el esfuerzo realizado y se pide la colaboración y cooperación de las instituciones internacionales para definir y profundizar en el tema para su posterior promoción y divulgación de modo que se pueda crear una conciencia internacional sobre este tema y este deje de estar en la sombra. Además se hizo énfasis en el hecho de que no sólo son los países desarrollados (generalmente países de destino) los culpables en este crimen pues sus organizaciones sí están trabajando para su solución, si no también importa focalizar la atención en los países de origen, pues son sus gobiernos los que han puesto a las mujeres en la situación comprometida de desear una vida mejor porque por motivos de pobreza, falta de recursos, o falta de dignidad y valoración de sus derechos.

Alfonso Blanco Santos.

Human Rights Council: a child’s play.

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The session that took place in the morning of the 5th of April of 2017 where the Human Rights Council met to discuss Human Trafficking started much more intensely than others with this team, regarding topics such as Human Trafficking in undeveloped countries for several reasons, like the fact that when the politics or laws of the country are weak it is more difficult for their citizens to develop themselves in a way that enforces their human rights and personalities. Another point mentioned was: Are Human Rights a burden in Human Trafficking? Imperialism as a way of Human Trafficking was another intense discussion because it regards matters of domination, authority and control over humans so people affected of this might be under circumstances which lead them to try to leave the country and under high expectations and fall in the arms of criminals who will use them for this matter.


FOTO día 2 HRCEn la foto el Secretario General, Álvaro Rodríguez, observando desde el Palco el desarrollo del Comité.

Something special that had this session was a guest. Democratic People’s Republic of Korea called the delegate of Saudi Arabia in order to discuss border control. The main point was to clarify the importance of leaving Human Trafficking victims out of the country because they come to the country with their traffickers, and it is important to be welcoming to these victims but it is a matter of consideration the fact that with a victim comes with the criminal.

After this intervention there was an unmoderate debate where our fellow delegates discussed matters such as preambulatory causes of Human Trafficking; borders as a matter of fact further than politics and economics; and the fact that a longer discussion is needed to understand the roots of this problem in order to build laws and enforce them to be strong and prosecuted if not obeyed, corruption should not be accepted under any circumstances. This was the wider topic discussed because it included various items: benefits for victims when they are back in the country and in society including benefits, healthcare and law protection in general; also there was suggested that ICC should be involved because Human Trafficking should be considered a crime against humanity and criminals must be punished in order to create conscience and protect victims across borders.

USA and Korea are constantly fighting in a very sharp, humorous way. USA claims that Korea does nothing but crying and don’t let adults have proper conversations. Point of order was claimed from the Korean delegate because the statement from USA calling Korea crybabies was offensive and requested a reply implying that maybe they are little boys because they don’t live in a country with 55 states that hate each other. The reply to that statement was that if The Confederate States of America is going to say is offensive and immature you can leave this debate (and world).

If there is something to bring light to in this session it is more than the resolutions made or papers written is the jokes, the fun attacks between countries and the fact that it is not left unseen the magical gossip box, there most of our delegates seem to agree that humour will save us all from the misunderstanding, arguments and disrespects.

Alfonso Blanco Santos.