Modelo de las Naciones Unidas de la Universidad de Oviedo

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Human Rights Council

The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system made up of 47 States responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe.

El “síndrome de Estocolmo” de la Presidenta de OVImun

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Se acercan las elecciones para la Junta Directiva de OVImun 2018 y, antes de decir adiós a su cargo, Cristina Chacón, actual presidenta de la Asociación, ha querido “despedirse” y dedicar unas palabras en forma de balance y aprendizaje de lo que ha sido un año lleno de trabajo y experiencias…

 

Kristin Ehnmark fue retenida seis días en el interior de un banco en Suecia tras un atraco con rehenes en el año 1973. El captor fue Jan Erik Olsson y con él creó un lazo patológico, que la llevo a resistirse a la idea de un posible rescate y a criticar duramente la gestión del asunto por parte de la policía. Paradójicamente decía sentirse segura.  Durante el proceso judicial, Ehnmark se mostró reticente a colaborar con la justicia y a declarar contra su captor. Poco después, el criminólogo sueco  Nils Bejerot acuñó el término “Síndrome de Estocolmo” para referirse a la reacción psicológica en la que la víctima de un secuestro o retención, desarrolla una relación de complicidad y un fuerte vinculo afectivo con su captor.

Casi un mes después de la finalización del VI Modelo de las Naciones Unidas de la Universidad de Oviedo, me resulta imposible explicar y describir la vorágine de sensaciones que han brotado en mí a raíz de la culminación de un año de, creedme, mucho trabajo. Alegría, tristeza, rabia, alivio, angustia, desahogo, melancolía, calma, pena, nostalgia. Salvando las distancias y por supuesto, sin ánimo de frivolizar ningún tipo de situación traumática, creo que la mejor forma de describir ese conjunto de sentimientos contradictorios es haciendo referencia al síndrome de Estocolmo.

A lo largo de estos meses, he tenido un objetivo en mente y me he levantado día tras día para perseguirlo.

He salido de mi zona de confort, lo he dejado todo a un lado  y me he sentido parte de algo. He contado con un equipo maravilloso sin el que hubiera sido imposible organizar un evento del calibre de OVImun. He tenido la suerte de conocer a personas increíbles antes, durante y después del Modelo. Me he encontrado sola en muchas ocasiones y en otras, he dudado de que tanto esfuerzo mereciera la pena. Pero también me he sentido arropada, respaldada y sobre todo, orgullosa.

Lo más importante es que puedo decir que aprendí cuatro lecciones valiosísimas.

  1. La primera, la certeza de que más esfuerzo no siempre implica mejores resultados, que siempre hay algo que escapa a tu control, que las cosas tienen la importancia que se les da y que nada ni nadie es ni será nunca perfecto.
  2. La segunda, que los méritos no son nada sin valores; que en ocasiones, la incompetencia se disfraza de altanería; que por mucho que se empeñen, no hay participantes (ni personas) de primera y de segunda; que la vida no va de pompa y boato; que a veces, cuando el rio suena agua lleva; y que uno más uno no siempre son dos.
  3. La tercera, que la actitud lo cambia absolutamente todo y que uno tiene que sentirse orgulloso de lo que hace cuando se entrega totalmente sin pedir nada a cambio y disfruta haciéndolo. Que poner el corazón en algo es un don innato y poco frecuente, que sirve para distinguir a las personas comprometidas y entusiastas de las que no lo son.
  4. Y la última, que “Bienaventurado aquel al que ladran los cretinos, porque su alma nunca les pertenecerá” y que si algo he hecho bien este año es rodearme de PERSONAS que son mejores que yo.

Muchas gracias a todos por todo, vosotros sabéis quienes sois.

Cristina Chacón Armador, presidenta de OVImun y Directora del VI Modelo de las NNUU de la Universidad de Oviedo.

 

Interview with Micaela Domínguez from Amnisty International and Ana Álvarez from APRAMP.

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Interview with Micaela Domínguez from Amnisty International and Ana Álvarez from Association for the Prevention, Reintegration and Care of Prostituted Women (APRAMP) and after the lecture they gave on Human Trafficking from both local and International sides on the 06th of April of 2017.

Press.:What do you think of Ovimun and how topics such as this are treated?

Micaela.: I think OVImun is a wonderful meeting because in it there are a lot of multiple nationalities taking part and for Amnisty is very important because we can release our point of view about our regulations of human rights of human rights

P: Another question that I have is it has been mentioned the fact that education is needed in the schools for young people, because they’re the future clients of this industry. However: what about the education for adults who are either actual clients or victims now and how are the policies regarding this issue of ignorance from adults?

M.D.: I think the bottom is the education, the education starting at the school, but our work, for example, is make investigation and release report people so that people can see the reality of this kind of people. The woman is a person has rights, has a feelings, she is like you. So, maybe if you think in her in this situation, maybe you think twice next time, no? I think the most important thing is education and reeducation.

P: Last one is a thing that came to my mind: do you think that online safety is an important matter to take into account regarding this issue? Because we live in a society where all our information is everywhere and people can contact you rather easily and finding and spotting people is quite easy a task. I am mentioning this specifically  thinking of the “lover boys” who find girls and trick them to get to traffic with them.

M.D.: It could be but not only, because if you look at the victims, normally, these kind of victims is marginal, no? Maybe don’t have enough possibilities to get in contact with the internet or whatever.

So, for this reason the position of the colleagues, friends, lovers etc. is fundamental in this kind of situation, but, of course, another part of the traffickingis by internet.

P: As a member of the Amnisty International I’m disscuss of this problem, human trafficking and prostitution, because in Spain we have got on the one hand a huge sector there agree to legalise prostitution, and the other hand, the other part now it’s have to a penalize it and other things.

My question is, as you mean that prostitution in those countries where it’s legal, such as Norway or Sweden, most of the sexual workers, constantly, and the consumers violent the human rights even they are protected, they have huge protection. For example, human in Spain there is a little hope, because it is not illegal but it it is not legal either. Consumers that they’re encourage the sexual turism and then, when they come back, they make fraud of law So, what can we do from Amnisty International to make aware that situation, because, we are very much protecting the victim, the sexual workers, but what about the consumers?

M.D.: As I told before the bottom is protecting the human rigths of the victims. We can see inside of Europe, a right for legalization or another state in legalization, but if you check the data, you can realise the consumerism of this product continues. So, we must fight to protect the human rights of the victims, and, of course, the european counselor has a recommendation for the members of the states to protect the  victims and the recommendation is, also, to look for abstractedly for this issue.

P: Yes but of those countries where the sexual workers are not poor women because in these countries they are doing that because “they want” and they have a huge protection. Why Amnisty International is not focusing maybe on the other part that is that people that goes to this collective.

M.D.: Education against is a Milestone of the organisation, for example in Norway, we reported cases with violation of human rights on prostitution, for this reason it is very hard to decide which system is better than the others. In this case the bottom is to protect the victims, this is why I think education is a milestone of this issue, education for children and young people, also reeducation for the people. These will be done if we put this issue on top of our agenda, also considering the resolution of the parliament and also the council of Europe, so you can see that it has a little bit of visibility, that’s why we must go on in these work.

***

Press: Ana, what do you think of Ovimun and how it helps to get better awareness of this topic?

A.A.: It’s very important because you have a very conscious group of students about this issue and also concerned about it so it is important that they know that the organisations like this whose aim is to work in this issue here and they know or work and that we support them in human rights and their importance. It is very important to raise awareness, and that they know that here we work every on the prostitution context.

P.: you’ve talked about education in schools but what about educating adults that are the actual client now? How can we help education in this matter?

A.A.: We must educate society, with the client the problem is that they don’t recognize them as clients and they don’t realise that what they are doing is wrong, because they are supported by this structure and the biological needs of men, domination, patriarchy. Even sometimes they think they are doing a favor to those women, because they need the money and money is being given to them, which is not like that, so it is difficult because they think they are doing the right thing. However for society when we do lectures like today or we go to theatres, schools or other celebrations in Asturias and outside. In those places there are people who are people: neighbors, citzen, relatives or friends. It’s not only young people but it is reaching everyone. They are people who now knows about it and they are going to spread the word.

The awareness that this issue exists here in Asturias, in Oviedo, Avilés, Gijón, etc. is very much necessary.

P.: What else appart from prostitution could you say about other kinds of traffic here in Asturias?

A.A.: Not many but there have been cases of trafficking in matters of agriculture and people who is taken from their home countries to be domestic workers as well. We support victims from every kind of human trafficking, even though we are specialists in sex traffic .It is not as big a problem as prostitution and we don’t work in it as deeply because there are not so many cases but we always offer a helping hand when they contact us or we hear about any of these activities taking place, we look further prostitution as a matter to worry about.

P.: Talking about education, not only the clients but also: do you educate the victim? Are they aware of their position as victims?

A.A.: The main problem is that sometimes they don’t see themselves as victims, they victimise themselves and think this is their fault. They did something wrong to their minds, they feel guilty and think it has happened to them and they are to blame.

P.: do you think this is related to the problem in spain that regards gender equality and gender violence?

A.D.: It is related because we live in this situation of domination and pathriarchy, there are also victims who are victims of the crime that is human trafficking and also victims of gender violence, that is why it is connected.

 

Alfonso Blanco Santos.

The delegates dream of the final resolution.

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The recommence of the council started without any new ideas. It was an astonishing situation that we were living during the Human Rights Council sessions.  The delegates have continued debating about the specific topic developed in the first journey “Religious teaching and symbols in schools” but instead the efforts of the chairs and some of the delegations the topic didn’t make remarkable progress today. After the official opening of chairs the first motions were on the floor.


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The delegate of U.K. proposed to discuss freedom of choice in schools, a motion accepted by the majority of presented delegations.


There were two differenced positions, it was the part of countries that asked to have concern of religious symbols in the name of the respectation of his fisic way of show their personal beliefs.
Confronting this countries, there was a meaningful number of delegations that advocated for protection and respect the freedom of choice in order to take care of the individual rights.

Two distant opinions that didn’t look like to be getting closer on these sessions. A worrying situation for the Human Nations.

 

The delegation of France defended the separation of church, state and education in order to defend the individual rights of citizens, as it is done in their country nowadays . A posture that didn’t seem to please many other countries present that carry in their DNA a strong religious identity.


Being realistic, it’s true that with the topic proposed in these sessions,  it’s  going to be very difficult for the countries to reach a common resolution.  The reason why? It seems to be clear, you can’t easily bring near the historical confronted countries, sitting in  the same room debating we have seen Islamics, Christians and Atheists beliefs which is a very delicate an difficult situation to have quorum.

After several unmoderate debates, breaks, room departures and nods we have been able to reach some last rounds of moderate debate ever protagoniced by the “interesting” points of parliamentary information and points of order requested by the delegates who seems much more interested in challenge the chairs than in solve the problems of rights debated in this sessions, having said that tomorrow more and better. We hope that  in the following sessions the delegates begin to approach their position in the same way they have being doing in the “pack social” as whe could see thanks of the gossips reading at the end of the journey.

Yaiza Calleja Bear.

Uno de los principales problemas es el desconocimiento y la ignorancia que reina en la mayoría de los países al respecto.

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El comité ONU mujeres tuvo el honor de recibir en su tribunal a la jurista especializada en tráfico humano, Ayah Tarawneh, con el fin de ofrecer a las delegaciones presentes una conferencia acerca del tráfico humano en el marco concreto de las mujeres.


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Ayah se encuentra en esta edición del modelo como representante de la delegación Tailandesa en el comité de derechos humanos, es juez especializada en la controvertida cuestión del tráfico humano en su país de origen, Jordania. El motivo por el cual decidió especializarse en esta controvertida materia fue la experiencia vivida en primera persona en la que una persona de su entorno estuvo cerca de ser víctima de la trata de personas.


El tráfico de personas, es un crimen que afecta a un gran número de mujeres, es por eso que su comparecencia en el comité de ONU mujeres, resultaba completamente necesaria.

Para abrir la conferencia Ayah realizó una breve introducción definitoria del tema en cuestión, haciendo especial énfasis en los puntos clave a tener en cuenta en la cuestión.

El tráfico humano, un crimen que lleva cometiéndose en diversos puntos de la comunidad internacional desde el año 1400, afecta actualmente a más de 21 millones de personas, de las cuales más del 50% son mujeres.

La figura del hombre no sólo como traficante, si no también como consumidor habitual de la prostitución, es uno de los principales promotores de esta industria cuyos ingresos a día de hoy ascienden a la friolera suma de 150 billones de dólares. En cuanto a la definición se citó el Protocolo de Palermo y la clasificación de los países involucrados como países de origen, tránsito y destino, siendo algunos pertenecientes a los tres grupos. En segundo lugar en esta conferencia se trató de definir de manera informal las situaciones en las que acontece este crimen, cómo las mujeres son engañadas y estafadas para que deseen una vida mejor y se crean unas expectativas de vida, economía y relaciones sentimentales que jamás se cumplen pues cuando huyen de su país por su propio pie resultan ser víctimas de la trata de blancas y se ven forzadas a prostituirse, siendo victimizadas repetidamente y consecuentemente siendo violados tanto sus derechos humanos como sus cuerpos.

Según la experta uno de los principales problemas es el desconocimiento y la ignorancia que reina en la mayoría de los países al respecto, además de la minusvaloración de las víctimas como tal, que en algunos casos resultan siendo tratadas como criminales por el mero hecho de aceptar su condición, lo cual ocurre por motivos como fraude, porque no se les permite volver a su país porque no han pagado la deuda que sus traficantes les imponen por el viaje que han realizado y les convencen de que han de pagar por ese traslado; o porque no se atreven a escapar con tal de no volver a su país por la vergüenza que supone reconocer el estilo de vida que han estado llevando durante su desaparición del mismo.

En cuanto a la organización internacional se reconoce el esfuerzo realizado y se pide la colaboración y cooperación de las instituciones internacionales para definir y profundizar en el tema para su posterior promoción y divulgación de modo que se pueda crear una conciencia internacional sobre este tema y este deje de estar en la sombra. Además se hizo énfasis en el hecho de que no sólo son los países desarrollados (generalmente países de destino) los culpables en este crimen pues sus organizaciones sí están trabajando para su solución, si no también importa focalizar la atención en los países de origen, pues son sus gobiernos los que han puesto a las mujeres en la situación comprometida de desear una vida mejor porque por motivos de pobreza, falta de recursos, o falta de dignidad y valoración de sus derechos.

Alfonso Blanco Santos.

Human Rights Council: a child’s play.

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The session that took place in the morning of the 5th of April of 2017 where the Human Rights Council met to discuss Human Trafficking started much more intensely than others with this team, regarding topics such as Human Trafficking in undeveloped countries for several reasons, like the fact that when the politics or laws of the country are weak it is more difficult for their citizens to develop themselves in a way that enforces their human rights and personalities. Another point mentioned was: Are Human Rights a burden in Human Trafficking? Imperialism as a way of Human Trafficking was another intense discussion because it regards matters of domination, authority and control over humans so people affected of this might be under circumstances which lead them to try to leave the country and under high expectations and fall in the arms of criminals who will use them for this matter.


FOTO día 2 HRCEn la foto el Secretario General, Álvaro Rodríguez, observando desde el Palco el desarrollo del Comité.

Something special that had this session was a guest. Democratic People’s Republic of Korea called the delegate of Saudi Arabia in order to discuss border control. The main point was to clarify the importance of leaving Human Trafficking victims out of the country because they come to the country with their traffickers, and it is important to be welcoming to these victims but it is a matter of consideration the fact that with a victim comes with the criminal.

After this intervention there was an unmoderate debate where our fellow delegates discussed matters such as preambulatory causes of Human Trafficking; borders as a matter of fact further than politics and economics; and the fact that a longer discussion is needed to understand the roots of this problem in order to build laws and enforce them to be strong and prosecuted if not obeyed, corruption should not be accepted under any circumstances. This was the wider topic discussed because it included various items: benefits for victims when they are back in the country and in society including benefits, healthcare and law protection in general; also there was suggested that ICC should be involved because Human Trafficking should be considered a crime against humanity and criminals must be punished in order to create conscience and protect victims across borders.

USA and Korea are constantly fighting in a very sharp, humorous way. USA claims that Korea does nothing but crying and don’t let adults have proper conversations. Point of order was claimed from the Korean delegate because the statement from USA calling Korea crybabies was offensive and requested a reply implying that maybe they are little boys because they don’t live in a country with 55 states that hate each other. The reply to that statement was that if The Confederate States of America is going to say is offensive and immature you can leave this debate (and world).

If there is something to bring light to in this session it is more than the resolutions made or papers written is the jokes, the fun attacks between countries and the fact that it is not left unseen the magical gossip box, there most of our delegates seem to agree that humour will save us all from the misunderstanding, arguments and disrespects.

Alfonso Blanco Santos.

There is special need in education, promotion of knowledge and understanding in order to comprehend what it is about and also to not react incorrectly out of a misunderstanding.

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Benito Aláez Corral is a Proffessor from University of Oviedo who teaches matters such as Fundamental Rights and Multiculturalism, reason for which he has been invited to share his knowledge and give a Lecture on Religious Teaching and Symbols at schools. He delighted us with a very broad and interesting lecture which discussed important themes regarding these topics but most of it gave an interesting point of taking into account the context in such things in order to not misunderstand or underestimate the relevance of it. Also he stressed the fact that when talking about these matters there is special need in education, promotion of knowledge and understanding in order to comprehend what it is about and also to not react incorrectly out of a misunderstanding.


Entrevista Benito

PREGUNTA: What is your general opinion about OVIMun?

RESPUESTA: I think it’s great and it’s a pity that these initiatives are not taken into account and don’t count for regular  curriculum because the way you work shows how you acquire abilities and competences which is the main issue of most of the subjects of the curriculum in many, special social sciences, degrees. so I think it should be different.

P: How much do you think confessional religious teaching shapes personality of students?

R: I teach a course on Fundamental Rights and Multiculturalism in the University of Oviedo (in English) and I have a lot of foreign students as you were here today and when I ask this most students from Germany, they couldn’t understand that those courses  which they attended were actually confessional religious courses because the way they lived the experience was very neutral, and then I ask them to look for the legal background, and when you look at that it shows that this courses were of confessional nature. What has to be taught in these courses are the doctrine and the creed and belief of every denomination: the protestant, the catholic, the islamic, etc. What happens in practice is difficult to assess, and for someone my age, more difficult. My experience is that I didn’t attend religious classes, I attended Ethics classes. They were not at the same time, so when the religious class was taking place I could leave or stay, it was up to me. What I saw when I decided to stay was a young and very active priest who involved students into debates regarding very actual and important topics such as divorce, abortion or euthanasia. And only at the very end he would explain the position of the catholic church, not through the discussion to not influence the pupil’s opinion. This is probably an exceptional case and not a very common one, and I don’t know what happens in practise.

P: Do you think there is a positive aspect that teachers study religious studies in University or afterwards or such related topics in order to improve their CV’s even if they don’t practice such activities?

R: If they study religious history with no confessional issue it can be helpful although it depends on the context. For instance we have a case in Spain about teaching canonical law in faculties, it was a compulsory course when I studied although now it’s elective. Somebody complained, and the answer to that was that there are a lot of catholics and many of them marry according to the canonical law so maybe to have a law practitioner with knowledge about canonical law could be interesting and instructive. However nowadays people don’t marry to the canonical law or don’t marry at all, so it could be interesting but not necessary. Again it depends on the context.

P: Do you think pupils can grow out of interest because they are educated into religion in a way that they feel like they are being forced to shape their personalities for attending a religious school?

R: I think there is an influence, of course, but I don’t think it is primarily from a religious nature, I think it is moral nature. I can tell how the average of students coming from private schools think about certain topics and it is not corresponding to the religious nature of those schools but much more to the right wing type of moral supposed to be taught there and the environment. Because I think it is not only about the education in that school but also from the social and family environment but this has an influence of course.

Alfonso Blanco Santos.

Afternoon Session of Human Right Council. Topic b: Religious Teaching and Symbols at schools.

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Afternoon session on the 4th of April of 2017 started at a rather slow pace. For a good hour and a half there was basically no advances in the debate session, what it consisted on was a further explanation of the main rules and procedures for a moderate debate and how the whole session was supposed to work fluently, and the delegates not knowing exactly what was going on in the room, a joke according to some of the attendants. It seemed as the delegates were in very much need of a siesta after the nice Spanish meal they had.


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Finally after a break they had freshen up and were ready to get into discussions and try to make advances in what the main issue was: to understand and try to make clear how much does this affects our society and how can we help to clarify what role plays religion in every country in order to shape citizens of the world.

First thing that was to try to define Religious Teaching models and make sure everyone understand religion and its variations, there should be clear basis on religious studies or teaching policies so that every child gets his or her chance to understand others, like the Delegate of Thailand said. On the other hand there was some more controversial statements like the one that The Delegate of the Republic of Korea which said that indoctrination leads to subversivitiy and that is dangerous.

Also there was brought out the topic of how does Religious Teaching affects terrorism, leading to conclude that it is a matter of context and stereotyping therefore there is need for education and knowledge of the fundament of every religion and how it affects people practising it.

Finally there was an unmoderated debate on the topics discussed in that session which helped a lot to the delegates to get together in order to move towards resolutions to this issue. The discussion took into account some of the following topics: not focalizing the future, prohibition of symbols from French Republic and USA; Religious Freedom; the difference between historical character and determining education of religion, discussed by Italy, Vatican and Honduras.

Also about the symbols it took importance the matter of context and knowing where and when it is appropriate to use any kind of symbols. Also the fact that girls are not supposed to use jiyab until they are 8 years old and how much do they take part in this decision and the way this affects their adulthood.

Yaiza Calleja Bear | Alfonso Blanco Santos

Opening the Human Rights Council.

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The first session of the Human Rights Council of Ovimun 2017 ran in the majestic surroundings of the Junta General del principado of Asturias. The council was inaugurated by the presidents of the human rights coincido , Mr Nicolás Herrero Folley and Ana-ly Tamargo-Fernández Rodríguez.


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First of all, each delegate had personally presented himself to the rest of the council, briefly describing his motivation and experience in similar events. Before beginning to debate the real topics, they have done a funny role play. The aim of the play was to prove the improvisation skills against encouraging a topic without previous preparation. The topic was magic creatures and the defense of his right of sexual reproduction. For the role play the organization gave each delegate a specific magical references to defend during the role play. Examples of that creative solution were leprechauns, mermaids, unicorns, Narnia or vampires. Such an amazing way for break the ice with the participants of the commission. After a quick round of speeches, 30 seconds each, they called off the simulation in order to initiate the real discussion what they have been to do there.  

We received the visit of the honorable teacher of Oviedo’s University, Benito Alvarez Corral, invited to give a presentation in this journey by Ignacio Voza. The professor spoke to the assistants about religion symbols in global and in the specific context of education. He declared that it’s a very controversial topic that it’s taking importance in the modern world caused by the growth of migration and human movements.

We live in a multicultural society and it provokes several cultural confrontations. When we go to school or public places most of us have seen religious symbols all around us. It is a historic residual? Or it’s a way to cover or condition our mental freedom? That’s a thought about which we should think reflexively.

After the magnificent speech of professor Benito, the different delegations took a round of questions about this aim. The representatives of each country in the human rights committee will be discussing about this topic at the afternoon session.  

To  refresh the mind of all of us and socialize we had a coffee break where the delegates could discuss all the ideas shown during the journey until the pause. The resumption of the session took place at 11:45 and it began with the debate of the other topic treated during the MUN “human trafficking”. An increasing problem in the international politics that causes a lot of pain to the nation leaders. We lived a hot debate with the brilliant performance of the members of the committee. Personally, I want to give a special mention to some of the delegations like North Korea.

Some of the most relevant participations were, among others, North Korea and Thailand, showing much knowledge of the topics treated and the actual situation in their countries. His contributions

for the debate and the knowledge about the specific characteristics of the country that were representing in the model were admirable.

The main resolutions made through the debate were the definition of Human Trafficking, important due to some countries missing some points or turning a blind eye to the situation regarding not only their own country but also the rest of the countries in the world.

Another topic which was pointed out as important is the fact that some areas like Middle East or Africa were affected by this issue more than others, also it was discussed the reason for this. Some delegates gave possible reasons such as empowered areas are more likely to have these issues due to lack of resources or even knowledge. Knowledge was also treated importantly for some of the countries’ delegates, which enforced the need for information, education and promotion for this topic in order to, if not eliminate it, at least reduce it.

The final resolution was that in order to solve this issue there is the need of understanding between nations. It is key to know which areas are more affected by this matter and how. It is also essential to understand every countries’ need, from inside and outside. This means that each country needs to know its strengths and weaknesses in order to either ask for help with consciousness or to help others with their best resources, being absolutely necessary the  communication and general knowledge of the global situation.

 

Yaiza Calleja Bear | Alfonso Blanco Santos

Arranca el VI Modelo de las Naciones Unidas de la Universidad de Oviedo.

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El pasado lunes 3 de abril tuvo lugar la rueda de prensa de presentación del VI Modelo de las Naciones Unidas de Oviedo (OVIMUN). La directora general, Cristina Chacón y el secretario general, Álvaro Rodríguez, encabezaron la comparecencia ante los medios presentes en compañía de los principales representantes de los diferentes comités incluidos en esta edición.

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En la foto, de izquierda a derecha: Isabel Martínez Rivas presidenta del Comité de Derechos Humanos, Ricardo Rosas Romera Presidente del Consejo de Seguridad, Álvaro Rodríguez Poblete Secretario General, Cristina Chacón Armayor Directora General, Lara  M. Iglesias Fernández, Estela Bibiloni Díaz presidenta  del ECOSOC y Carmen Fernández Peñaranda presidenta ONU Mujeres.

Tal y como Cristina Chacón explicaba, el Modelo de Naciones Unidas (MUN), es una recreación de los principales órganos de la ONU entre los que se encuentran comités como: el Consejo de Seguridad (CS), el Consejo Económico y Social (ECOSOC), el Consejo de Derechos Humanos (CDH), la Asamblea General (AG) y el incluido por primera vez en OVIMUN: el comité de ONU Mujeres.

Las sesiones de debate del modelo se desarrollaran, en su mayoría, en la Xunta Xeneral del Principáu d’Asturies, tanto en su  hemiciclo como en las diferentes salas de las comisiones parlamentarias, a excepción del  jueves y el viernes, jornadas en las que se trasladará el modelo al edificio histórico de la Universidad de Oviedo.

Según los datos aportados por la directora general, la presente edición contará con más de 140 participantes.  Jóvenes procedentes de multitud de universidades, tanto nacionales como internacionales, se hermanaran durante el desarrollo de este modelo con el fin de experimentar en primera persona cómo funcionan estos organismos de referencia  en las relaciones internacionales y la diplomacia multilateral, pertenecientes al Sistema de la Naciones Unidas

Futuros abogados, periodistas, politólogos, economistas y un sinfín de perfiles profesionales  trabajarán  juntos  durante  el desarrollo del modelo aportando cada uno de ellos su perspectiva de conocimiento. Las sinergias entre los participantes hacen de este modelo una experiencia enriquecedora, como poco, tanto a nivel personal como académico.

El principal reto para la asociación OVIMUN en la presente edición es que todos los comités puedan llegar a aprobar resoluciones de calidad y provechosas para el mundo académico y la opinión pública, considerando dichas resoluciones un altavoz de los jóvenes europeos que pueda  influir en las políticas exteriores de los diferentes gobiernos de la UE. Desde la parte académica se pretende que a los participantes les sirva para mejorar sus habilidades sociales, desarrollando o perfeccionando la oratoria, sabiéndose desenvolver en debates públicos y entornos institucionales.

Este año la novedad más destacada en el Modelo es la inclusión de ONU Mujeres, comité que en esta edición se incluirá con vocación de permanencia para próximas convocatorias. Desde OVIMUN quieren respaldar desde el ámbito académico internacionalista la concienciación pública en la igualdad de género y la lucha por los derechos de las mujeres más desfavorecidas.

Se abordo también la designación de los presidentes de cada comité, los cuales pasan un proceso de selección en el cual se les exige su currículo vitae, una carta de motivación y finalmente un comité de expertos designado para tal tarea decide quienes de los candidatos que reúnen los mejores requisitos para llevar a cabo la responsabilidad de  presidir los comités.

Los diferentes presidentes de los comités presentaron las áreas temáticas que van a tratar y los expertos que acudirán de ponentes a los mismos:

Estela Bibiloni Díaz presidenta  del ECOSOC  expuso que aunque en la realidad son 54 los miembros de este comité, serán 30 en OVIMUN por motivos de espacio. El asunto que abordaran será la explotación de los recursos naturales y la crisis del actual modelo de extracción de recursos fósiles, pretendiendo no solo centrarse en el debate de las energías renovables si no en cómo se podría evolucionar del actual modelo energético a uno totalmente sostenible, de cara a plantear la creación de nuevas instituciones especializadas en la materia. De ponentes intervendrán  dos profesores de la Universidad de Oviedo que explicaran como se pueden desarrollar estas energías alternativas, José Alba Alonso  profesor titular en el Departamento de Economía Aplicada y experto en energías renovables, y María Amparo Novo Vázquez profesora e investigadora en el Departamento de Sociología y experta en recursos naturales que informara de cómo enfocar el tema desde un punto de vista más técnico.

Carmen Fernández Peñaranda presidenta de ONU Mujeres, mostro su ilusión por formar parte de la primera edición de OVIMUN que tiene dicho comité, dado que todos los Estados representados en NNUU de una forma o de otra tienen formas de desigualdad entre mujeres y hombres y violencia de género. En su opinión es un tema que incumbe a todos los diplomáticos. También trataran el feminicidio y otras formas de violencia de género,  intentando abarcar otros temas muy relacionados como el de los refugiados o la mutilación genital femenina.  Javier Teruelo profesor penalista de la Universidad de Oviedo experto en violencia de género y Almudena Cueto  directora del Instituto Asturiano de la Mujer serán los encargados de las ponencias en dicho comité. Ante la pregunta de que motiva a Carmen a ser presidenta de ONU Mujeres esta respondió  entusiasmada:

“OVIMUN representa una parte muy importante de mi vida académica y personal, yo soy politóloga, hace poco que termine la carrera, pero  creo que he aprendido mas en una semana en OVIMUN que en un cuatrimestre en la Facultad. Para mi representa una forma de conocer realmente lo que te gusta, de conocer a gente que se implica al máximo en su vida profesional y en temas que son de interés de todos, la oportunidad de ser presidenta de un comité de OVIMUN me hace muchísima ilusión y mucho mas el de ONU Mujeres. Estoy especializándome en igualdad de género a nivel de cooperación internacional y refugiados y es un honor poder hablar de estos temas.”

Ricardo Rosas Romera Presidente del Consejo de Seguridad explico la composición del mismo y su curiosa membresía, con cinco miembros permanentes con derecho a veto y 10 miembros no permanentes elegidos por la Asamblea General para un mandato de dos años. Matizó que han modificado la designación de algunos miembros del CS para darle más juego al debate. El CS tratara este año la Guerra de Ucrania, teniendo cabida Rusia y Ucrania como estados miembros del mismo, lo que facilitara que estando presentes ambas partes del conflicto la diplomacia multilateral sea más efectiva para alcanzar una resolución que ayude a solucionar el conflicto. Como ponentes contaran con el Coronel D. José Pardo de Santayana, analista del Instituto Español de Estudios Estratégicos (IEEE) con amplia experiencia en misiones internacionales de las Fuerzas Armadas Españolas y experto en asuntos de Europa Oriental, y con Doña Paz de Andrés prestigiosa catedrática de Derecho Internacional Público y RR.II. de la Universidad de Oviedo.

Lara María Iglesias Fernández presidenta de la Asamblea General explico que trataran el asunto de la  protección de civiles en zonas de conflicto, tema perteneciente al Derecho Humanitario que actualmente está en la primera línea mediática y diplomática por la crisis de refugiados provocada por los conflictos del Norte de África y Oriente Medio.  Contaran como ponentes con la presidenta de la Asociación de Niños de la Guerra Araceli Ruiz Toribios y  Beatriz  Vázquez profesora de Derecho Internacional Público de la Universidad de Oviedo. La legislación vigente que regula esta materia  necesita una revisión y actualización en opinión de los expertos que asesoran a la organización, por lo que se intentaran avances en esta dirección.

 Isabel Martínez Rivas presidenta del Consejo de Derechos Humanos (en ingles)  explico que debatirán sobre la trata de personas y en segundo lugar analizaran los símbolos religiosos y simbología que tiene la religión dentro de las escuelas sean estas  públicas o privadas.  Tendrán como ponente a Benito Aláez Corral profesor de Derecho Constitucional de la Universidad de Oviedo

Finalmente se trato el tema de los apoyos institucionales destacando el soporte de la Xunta Xeneral del Principáu d’Asturies facilitando sus instalaciones, la Universidad de Oviedo, el Ayuntamiento de Oviedo, el Ilustre Colegio de Abogados de Oviedo, el Grupo municipal de Ciudadanos (Cs) en Oviedo, el Conseyu de la Mocedá del Principáu d’Asturies y la Comisión Europea al ser OVIMUN beneficiaria del programa Erasmus + que permite acoger a estudiantes de diferentes naciones como Alemania, Ucrania o Polonia.

 

 Andrés Gelpi Tejón.